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GLOSSARY

  • ACTING OUT expressing physical and emotional conflict through overt hostile behaviour or affection; an adult’s version of tantrums
  • ADAPTATION Person’s way of coping and adjusting to change
  • ADDICTION The compulsive need of a person to have something or to do something for comfort and produce withdrawal symptoms when stopped
  • ADHERENCE Religiously following instructions
  • ADJUVANT Assisting the main treatment to guarantee effectivity of the outcome
  • ADVANCE DIRECTIVES (Compared to living will) If the person is not fit to make a health care decision, he can assign someone to decide for his health
  • ADVERSE EFFECT a medication’s effect that is harmful to the patient
  • AGEISM a predisposition thought regarding older people base on their age without considering their ability to function
  • AIRBORNE DISEASE An infection that a person can get through the air by inhalation
  • ALLERGEN A substance or matter hat triggers the allergy
  • AMENORRHEA Absence of menstruation
  • ANALGESIC Anti-inflammatory
  • ANTIDOTE a drug fights or counteracts harmful effects of a medication.
  • ANTIGEN substance that when it connects with the right cells, it triggers a sensitivity or immune response with the antibodies or cells of the sensitive person
  • ASYMPTOMATIC absence of symptoms or sign of illness that can be seen be observed
  • AUTOIMMUNE cells that attack a body’s own molecules, cells and tissues
  • BACTEREMIA bacteria existing in the blood
  • BEHAVIOR a person’s visible response to a situation
  • BELIEF a statement that a person perceives or believes is true
  • BLOCKING disturbance in speech due to interrupted thoughts, gaps can last from a few seconds to a minute
  • BLOOD PRESSURE the pressure of the blood within the blood vessels, the resistance of the arteries and capillaries.
  • BLOOD SUGAR existence of glucose or sugar in the blood
  • BRAND NAME the name given by the manufacturer to a product
  • BULIMIA eating too much food in a short time
  • CALCIUM Helps in forming calcium phosphate when it combines with phosphorus
  • CHILDBEARING AGE ranges from 24-30 years, reproductive age for women
  • CHOLINERGIC nerve cells or fibers that use acetylcholine as their neurotransmitter
  • CHRONIC refers to a health condition that lasted a long time or more than three months
  • COAGULANT medication that cause clots in the blood
  • COGNITIVE mental activities such as thinking, learning and memory
  • COMBINED THERAPY also known as Polytherapy. It is using more than one treatment, therapy or medications to cure a single disease.
  • COMPENSATION Making up for the weaknesses of a person in one area with exaggeration to counteract frustration
  • CONFABULATING Making up stories to fill memory gaps
  • CONTAGION The act of spreading a disease through direct or indirect contact from one person to another
  • CONTRACEPTION prevent of conception
  • CONTRACEPTIVE materials or ways to prevent conception
  • CONTRAINDICATIONS Specific conditions that restrict medications for a specific case or disease
  • CONVERSION Psychological conflicts are unconsciously expressed to physical symptoms
  • DEFENSE MECHANISM it is use as an aid to relieve conflict, anxiety and to protect the ego.
  • DENIAL Reluctant to accept any fact, reality
  • DEPENDENCY relying for basic needs, love and affection on others
  • DEPRESSION Feelings of sadness, and hopelessness, making the person lose interest in doing activities of daily living and in life
  • DESENSITIZATION exposing oneself to an antigen to make body immune
  • DISEASE a condition that disrupts normal state of the body and creates abnormal functions in the body
  • DISEASE PATTERN How an illness/disease enters and spreads inside the body
  • DISPLACEMENT Diverting feelings, ideas, thoughts or wishes to another person, or object
  • DISSOCIATION separating the mind from the physical aspects of one person
  • DRUG MECHANISM Specific purpose of a particular drug or medication
  • EARLY DETECTION to discover a disease or disorder before it progresses
  • EARLY WARNING Signs to watch out that might indicate a specific illness or condition.
  • ECLAMPSIA a complication during pregnancy as manifested by the three common signs: high blood pressure, excess protein in the urine, and edema. Other signs are decreased urine formation, convulsions and coma
  • ECZEMA acute or chronic skin condition as manifested by itching or burning, tiny papules, and vesicles, oozing, crusting, and scaling; also known as dermatitis
  • ECTOPIC PREGNANCY A pregnancy at the abdominal cavity of the fallopian tube
  • EGO mediates id and superego.
  • ENDEMIC Regular presence of a disease within a location or group.
  • EPIDEMIC Sudden outbreak of a disease in a country or region not previously recognized in that area, or a rapid increase in the number of new cases of previous existing Endemic diseases.
  • FAMILY PLANNING Use of contraception methods to prevent pregnancy.
  • FIXATION Fixated in an immature behaviour to cope with conflict
  • GENERIC NAME Scientific name of a medication
  • GUIDED IMAGERY focusing on good things to prevent pain translation to the brain
  • HABILITATION Learning skills and abilities to be more effective and productive
  • HEALTH EDUCATION Health tips that helps and promote behaviours that improves health or maintains wellness.
  • HEALTH PROMOTION Health tips that promotes healthy lifestyle to achieve wellness and self-actualization
  • HEALTH TEACHING Teaching clients how to take care of their selves depending on any health issue they have
  • HOLISTIC HEALTH seeing every aspect of a person’s needs such as physical, emotional, mental, psychological and social is seen as a whole in curing an illness
  • HOMEOSTASIS being steady internally due to a stable environment
  • HYPERVIGILANCE showing severe symptoms of anxiety and being constantly on guard for threat
  • ID the unconscious part of the brain and focuses on the pleasure principle
  • IDEALIZATION over seeing someone’s flaw and puts them in a pedestal. Seeing an individual as perfect
  • IDEAS OF REFERENCE Fix perceptions about a particular event for believing it is related to them
  • IDENTIFICATION Wishing to become like the other person. Qualities of the person are unconsciously transferred to self
  • INTROJECTION Interpretation of an external object as a symbol of oneself
  • ISOLATION separating feelings to intellectual self
  • ILLNESS Being ill or deviating from a normal and balance state
  • IMMUNOGENIC triggering the immune system for a particular disease/condition
  • IMMUNOSUPPRESSANT A classification of drug that suppresses the immune system
  • INCUBATION PERIOD the time between the infection of the disease and until the appearance of symptoms
  • INDICATIONS Cases or a condition that is allowed for a specific treatment or medication
  • INFECTIOUS STAGE A stage of a disease that can be transmitted either direct or indirect
  • INFLAMMATION localized tissue reaction to injury, irritation or infection as manifested by pain, redness, heat, swelling and sometimes loss of function. (Medical Surgical Nursing-6-105)
  • INFORMED CONSENT It consists of patient’s decision to undergo surgery. It explains to the patient in full detail the disease, treatment, and risk and benefits of the surgery
  • IRON essential in forming haemoglobin, and helps in preventing anemia
  • LEARNING the act of gaining knowledge and skill/ acquiring knowledge and skill
  • LEARNING READINESS the optimum time for learning to occur; usually corresponds to the learner’s perceived need and desire to obtain specific knowledge/ the best time for a person to learn, usually happens when the need and desire to know and understand a specific topic
  • LETHARGY a state of sluggishness, drowsiness; having difficulty concentrating and doing tasks
  • LIFE SUPPORT care given to people to aid or prolong life
  • MALADAPTIVE DEFENSE MECHANISM behaviours that does not contribute or help in the growth of the person, brings out the worst outcome
  • MEDICAL HISTORY consists of patients past conditions and diseases inherited from their parents
  • MENTAL DISORDER mental illness or disorder expressed in thought, feeling, behaviour and action abnormally which results to distress, impairment of function
  • MENTAL HEALTH State of being able to cope and adjust in any situation
  • MILIEU THERAPY Treatment where the medical staff, modifies the patient’s environment
  • NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING Contraceptive Methods where in Sexual Abstinence is practiced few days before and after ovulation, during the fertile phase.
  • NEWBORN SCREENING testing newborns for treatable diseases
  • NOSOCOMIAL INFECTION An infection the patient acquired during his stay at the hospital
  • OUTBREAK Sudden increase in the incidence of disease
  • OVULATION before and after menstruation
  • PALLIATIVE CARE Giving care for patients whose illness does not response to any treatment and medications, and care extends to families
  • PANDEMIC Epidemic of infectious disease that have spread in many countries, often more than one continent, and usually, affecting a large number of people
  • PLANNED PARENTHOOD promoting services and materials for voluntary fertility control
  • PREMENSTRUAL SYNDROME (PMS) are symptoms that appears before the menses and disappear before the menstruation period
  • PREVENTIVE MEDICINE methods of preventing occurrence of disease
  • PRIMARY INFECTION a dose of virus that had just been exposed to the host
  • SECONDARY INFECTION already existing infection that came from during or after treatment of another disease, it may come from a treatment or changes in the immune system
  • PROJECTION Projecting owns feelings, attitudes, impulses, wishes or thoughts to another person who is like them or possesses the things they hate or can’t accept within themselves
  • PROTECTIVE CLOTHING a clothing that protects a person from infections, toxic chemicals and harmful substances in the work area
  • PSYCHOSOMATIC symptoms of illness are expressed as mental and emotional manifestation
  • PSYCHOTHERAPY Treatment using verbal and verbal communication with the patient
  • PSYCHOTROPIC A classification of drug indicated for the mind or patients who are mentally ill
  • POST TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER expressing symptoms of severe anxiety after a traumatic event
  • QUARANTINE Isolation to prevent the spread of a communicable disease
  • REGRESSION regressing back to earlier behaviour or immature behaviour when stressed
  • REHABILITATION Learning skills and abilities again to achieve optimum level of functioning
  • RELAPSE return of an illness
  • REMISSION a decrease in symptoms of illness
  • REPRESSION the act of repressing or consciously forgetting unacceptable memory, idea, thought, and events
  • SEPSIS presence of infection in all the system of the body through the blood
  • SEPTICEMIA systemic infection due to the presence of infection, or microorganisms in the blood
  • SIDE EFFECT an unintentional reaction from the medication aside from the wanted effect of the drug
  • SIGN It is a manifestation of a disease that only the patient can feel
  • STANDARD PRECAUTION Assuming that all patient might carry infectious agents and using appropriate barrier precautions and all health care worker-patient interactions
  • STRESS Response state that comes out when influenced by disturbing internal and external environments
  • SUBLIMATION diverting unacceptable instinctual drives into a personal and socially acceptable way
  • SUBSTITUTION diverting feelings to someone else
  • SUPPRESION hide unacceptable impulses, thoughts, and feelings
  • SUPEREGO the conscience part of the brain, conforms to the standards, morals, ethics and self-righteousness
  • SYMPTOM It is a manifestation of the disease that other people can see in the patient.
  • SYMPTOMATIC showing probable signs of illness
  • TANTRUMS Children’s expression of temper, anger, and rage to get something they want
  • THERAPEUTIC REGIMEN A practice that promotes wellness and cure for an ailment
  • TRAUMA an emotional injury or wound to the subconscious mind that has a long time effect
  • TRAUMATIZING EVENT an event that can cause detrimental effects to a person’s psyche, may need therapy to learn to accept the event and be able to move on
  • TREATMENT the interventions done to cure diseases


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